Zenith Carburetor: Construction and Working of Zenith Carburetor

The main object of the zenith carburetor is to supply the required quantity of fuel and air mixture of the correct strength as dedicated to the load condition of the engine.

Zenith carburetor is also known as “British Carburetor” and is used by various famous car manufacturers.

The Zenith Carburetor Company Limited was a British engineering company making carburetors in Stanmore Middlesex founded in 1910.

Zenith carburetor has also a number of designs available for different purposes.

The other popular carburettors are AMAL Carburetor and Solex Carburetor.

Read: Construction and Working of Amal Carburetor

Read: How Solex Carburetor Works in Vintage Automobiles

In this post, I will share detailed information on the zenith carburetor with you. Hope you like it.

zenith carburetor
  • So, the Construction and Working of Zenith Carburetor are as below

This, the float chamber is supplied with fuel from the fuel tank through a pipe.

Whenever the float chamber falls short of fuel, the fuel from the fuel tank flows into the chamber at the fastest speed.

The speed of fuel will match the requirement of an engine. Hence the float rises up, till it reaches a certain level.

At this time, a needle valve moves down and rests against the seat. So, it results in the stoppage of fuel supply from the fuel tank.

The main jet is directly connected to the float chamber. While the auxiliary jet which is also called a compensating jet draws fuel from an auxiliary chamber (Reservoir).

This auxiliary chamber is connected to the float chamber through an orifice. Both, the main and auxiliary jet is opened up in the venturi.

The air to the carburetor is supplied through the passage. The throttle valve is located at the end of the carburetor and connected to the engine suction pipe.

The opening and the closing of the throttle valve control the quantity of air-fuel mixture supplied to the engine suction manifold.

An auxiliary nozzle from an auxiliary chamber (Reservoir) is located at one end of the by-pass. The other end of this nozzle opens up near the throttle valve.

  • Working on Zenith Carburetor at Starting and Low-Speed Running

Because of the lower velocity of air at the time of starting or the slow speed of the engine, the suction produced at the venturi is quite insufficient to operate the main and the auxiliary jet in a nozzle.

To improve the velocity of air, the throttle valve is closed to such an extent that there is only a small contracted passage is provided near the end of the by-pass.

By this, the velocity of air, passing through the region increases, producing high suction. This operates the nozzle at the auxiliary chamber and the air-fuel mixture supplied through the holes.

There is starting and slow running device is fitted in the reservoir (Auxiliary Chamber).

To vary the supply of air to the nozzle, the set screw given is slackened and the whole assembly is taken out.

By the suitable number of rotations of the screw joint, the position of an auxiliary nozzle is set.

The whole device is then again fitted to the carburetor and tightened with the screw.

zenith carburetor working
  • Working of Zenith Carburetor at Normal Running

At this condition, the throttle valve is opened about 66%, and as the air enters through the passage.

It passes through the venturi, and its velocity increases due to the smaller area consequently its pressure drops. Hence resulting in the suction effect.

The fuel is sprayed in the venturi by a main and auxiliary nozzle.

As the speed of the engine increases, thereby producing greater suction.

Due to this, greater fuel is supplied by the main nozzle.

Since the compensating jet (Auxiliary Jet) draws fuel from a reservoir (Auxiliary Chamber), which is subjected to atmospheric pressure, through the air, the quantity of fuel supplied by it to the venturi does not change to an appreciable extent.

This has the effect of supplying a weaker solution than if only one jet were a provider in which case, the air-fuel mixture supplied at high speed will be richer than desired.

Thus the compensating jet enables the air-fuel mixture of the desired strength to be supplied.

In fact, with the correctly proportioned design of various parts of this carburetor, the fuel supplied by the main and compensating nozzle can be made to bear almost a constant ratio to the air supplied.

Besides this information, you are suggested to read something more from below engineering books

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