Gas is the term applied in engineering to the state of any substance of which the evaporation from the liquid state is complete. Examples are Air, Oxygen, Nitrogen, etc.
So, here you will get details about Perfect Gases Law.
Vapour may be defined as a partially Evaporated Liquid. Hence it consists of the pure gaseous state together with the particles of liquid in suspension.
“Superheating” is the process where Dry Vapor is heated further.
These Superheated Vapors approximately behave like a gas. An example of vapors used for engineering purposes is wet steam, ammonia, etc.
A perfect gas or an idle gas is one that strictly obeys all gas laws under all conditions of temperature and also pressures.
Actually, no gas known is perfect but within the temperature limits of applied thermodynamics, many gases like hydrogen, oxygen, and even air may be regarded as a perfect gas.
The Pressure (p) exerted by the Gas, the Volume (v) occupied by it, and also its Temperature (T) are three variables that control the physical properties of a gas.
Anyone variable can be calculated by applying the Gas Law if the other two variables are given. But these are not applicable for Vapors.
So, here are the Important laws of Perfect Gases
This law states that “The volume of a given mass of a gas varies inversely as its absolute pressure, provided the temperature remains constant”.
The deviation can be overlooked in the case of Air, Hydrogen. And also Nitrogen etc. expect at a very low temperature or at very high pressure.
This states that “The volume of a given mass of a gas varies directly as its absolute temperature provided the pressure is kept constant”.
This states that “The internal energy of a given quantity of a gas depends on the temperature”.
When a gas expands without doing external work and without taking in or giving out heat.
Its temperature does not change.
This states that “The two specific heat at constant pressure and specific heat at constant volume of a gas do not change with the change of temperature and pressure”.
This Law states that an “Equal volume of different gases at the same temperature and pressure contains an equal number of molecules”.
Besides this information, you are suggested to read something more from below engineering books
To get the more details about the topic, I further recommended reading
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